盖茨目前是物理学的福特基金会教授在布朗大学。 He previously served on the President's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology, during Barack Obama's presidency, and, from 1984 to 2017, held faculty and director positions at the University of Maryland, College Park, where, in 1998, he became the first African American to hold an endowed chair in physics at a major university. He earned two bachelor's (mathematics and physics) and doctoral degrees in physics from MIT, and from 1980 to 1982, was a postdoctoral scholar in Caltech's Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy (he was the division's first black postdoc). He also served as a visiting professor at Caltech from 2001 to 2002.
盖茨出席在佛罗里达州的隔离高中，一个时代的时候，他说，黑人的孩子并没有获准进入大学的科学。 "Even though I was dreaming at age 14 of going to MIT… I thought I would never have the opportunity," he said. Eventually, he realized his fate had turned around, explaining that "1969 was the first year that the majority of institutions started thinking it was okay for people like me to come and be students on their campuses."
在他的谈话中，盖茨强调，在科学多样性的价值：“如果你让人们多样化委员会从事严谨的学术和思想的研究，”他说，“他们中的一些将要在视图中的异常值，他们有。 They are likely to generate unique solutions. It's not that they are necessarily smarter, it's just going to be different. And from this wide expanse of possible solutions, you have a better chance of solving problems. That's why diversity is important."
不久来到加州理工学院之前，盖茨回忆说，他申请成为美亚慱电竞国宇航局宇航员。 Although he did not get the job, that turned out to be a good thing because he instead secured a position at Caltech working in the same group as Nobel Laureates Richard Feynman and默里·盖尔曼。 His biggest supporter at Caltech was约翰·施瓦茨，理论物理，名誉的哈罗德·布朗教授和超对称的先驱，现代的弦理论的基础。 The goal of string theory is to unite the microscopic quantum realm with the macroscopic world of gravity.
为了这一天，盖茨正试图回答关于空间和时间的基本结构由施瓦茨和其他人提出同样的问题。 He and colleague Michael Faux have developed graphical representations (which they dubbed "Adinkra," after the West African symbols) of the equations of supersymmetry. He and his colleagues are also studying the ways in which supersymmetry may have left imprints in the cosmic microwave background, or the leftover radiation from the Big Bang.